You must organise a construction site so that vehicles and pedestrians using site routes can move around safely.
The routes need to be suitable for the persons or vehicles using them, in suitable positions and sufficient in number and size.
The term ‘vehicles’ includes: cars, vans, lorries, low-loaders and mobile plant such as excavators, lift trucks and site dumpers etc.
The key message is: construction site vehicle incidents can and should be prevented by the effective management of transport operations throughout the construction process.
Each year within the construction industry, approximately ten people die as a result of being struck by vehicles on site. In addition, there are hundreds of preventable accidents and injuries.
Accidents occur from groundworks to finishing works and managers, workers, visitors to sites and members of the public can all be at risk.
Inadequate planning and control is the root cause of many construction vehicle accidents.
The majority of construction transport accidents result from the inadequate separation of pedestrians and vehicles.
This can usually be avoided by careful planning, particularly at the design stage, and by controlling vehicle operations during construction work.
The following actions will help keep pedestrians and vehicles apart:
Good planning can help to minimise vehicle movement around a site. For example, landscaping to reduce the quantities of fill or spoil movement.
To limit the number of vehicles on site:
Employers should take steps to make sure that all workers are fit and competent to operate the vehicles, machines and attachments they use on site by, for example:
People who direct vehicle movements (signallers) must be trained and authorised to do so.
Accidents can also occur when untrained or inexperienced workers drive construction vehicles without authority. Access to vehicles should be managed and people alerted to the risk.
The need for vehicles to reverse should be avoided where possible as reversing is a major cause of fatal accidents.
One-way systems can reduce the risk, especially in storage areas.
A turning circle could be installed so that vehicles can turn without reversing.
If vehicles reverse in areas where pedestrians cannot be excluded the risk is elevated and visibility becomes a vital consideration.
You should consider:
Make sure that all drivers and pedestrians know and understand the routes and traffic rules on site. Use standard road signs where appropriate
Provide induction training for drivers, workers and visitors and send instructions out to visitors before their visit.