The park is located about 100 km north of
Nairobi and stretches over a wide variety of terrain at altitudes from 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) to 4,000 metres (13,000 ft). Established in May 1950, the Aberdare National Park covers an area of 766 square kilometers and forms part of the Aberdare Mountain Range. The park contains a wide range of landscapes - from mountain peaks that rise to 4,000 metres (13,000 ft) above sea level, to their deep, v-shaped valleys intersected by streams, rivers, and waterfalls. Moorland ,
bamboo forests and rainforests are found at lower altitudes.
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Wildlife present in the protected area include
lion , leopard , elephant , East African wild dog ,
giant forest hog , bushbuck, mountain reedbuck , waterbuck, Cape buffalo , suni , side-striped jackal , eland, duiker, olive baboon, black and white colobus monkey , and sykes monkey . Rarer sightings include those of the African golden cat and the bongo. Species such as the
common eland , serval live in the higher moorlands. The Aberdare National Park also hosts a large eastern black rhinoceros population and over 250 bird species including the endangered Aberdare cisticola , Jackson's spurfowl , sparrowhawk, African goshawk ,
African fish eagle , sunbirds and plovers .